Default Image

Community Medicine

Established in 1999 and postgraduate programme (MD) was started in 2012. 
Vision Statement: To excel in community-oriented medical education along with preventive, promotive and curative community care and research.
Objectives:
1.    To provide quality community-oriented medical education to the undergraduate and postgraduate medical students 
2.    To create social physicians capable of providing comprehensive care
3.    To provide preventive, promotive and curative services to the community through community outreach centers and outreach activities 
4.    To conduct socially relevant field-based research 
5.    To facilitate the implementation of National Health Programmes

Core competencies: 
1. Community-oriented undergraduate teaching
2.  Comprehensive postgraduate teaching and training
3.  Fostering research, field projects and collaborations
4. Primary health care in field practice areas
5. Implementation of national health programmes

Key features:
1.    Best practices in undergraduate teaching :
•    Use of participatory approaches for Community Diagnosis, as part of first clinical postings, during second-year MBBS and student research projects, as a part of second clinical postings, during second-year MBBS.
•    Family adoption programme in collaboration with directorate of Rural Health Care and Development (RHCDC), from first year MBBS to internship. 
•    E-Learning: with uploading of teaching content, online MCQ tests 

2.    Facilities:
•    Public health museum: Models of public health importance are displayed and posters depicting the significant contributions of scientists towards advances in public health exhibited.
•    Departmental library cum seminar hall: Library has an adequate collection of books and journals, which are being utilized by the postgraduates and faculty. 
•    Demonstration rooms: Two spacious demonstration rooms where teaching programmes and practical classes for undergraduates and postgraduates are conducted.
•    Public health laboratory: Public health procedures like water analysis are conducted. Undergraduate and Postgraduate practical classes are held.
•    Research laboratory:The laboratory is equipped with a Computer and instruments of public health importance and is well utilized by the faculty and postgraduates. 

3.    Services delivered by the Department through rural and urban  health training centres: 
•    Razia Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC), Harekala: It is situated 13 kilometers from Yenepoya Medical College, catering to a population of 30,045, delivering 24 X7 primary health care and training for interns, postgraduates. Accommodation and mess facilities have been provided. Weekly immunization, antenatal care and deliveries are conducted. It covers five villages: Harekala, Pavoor, Amblamogaru, Boliyar and Phajeer. 
•    Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC), Bunder: It is situated 10 kilometers from Yenepoya Medical College campus and caters to a population of 21,541.  Primary health care with weekly immunization, antenatal clinics, training for interns, postgraduates and transport to carry out field activities are provided. The areas of work include Bunder, Kudroli and Bengre. 

4.    Other services delivered by the Department:  
•    Outpatient services at Mangalore University: Department runs daily outpatient services at Mangalore University, Konaje. 
•    Evening clinic and special outreach camps at  Urban Primary Health Centre (UPHC), Bunder:  Department runs evening clinic and conducts special outreach camps, in coordination with  UPHC, Bunder, as  a part of  Memorandum of Understanding with District Health and Family Welfare Society, Dakshina Kannada.
•    National Health Programmes: Department is involved in the implementation of various National Health Programmes, in coordination with the District Health and Family Welfare Department.
•    Family Medicine OPD:  Department runs a Family Medicine OPD in the teaching hospital, providing primary care and health promotion services to patients from rural and urban field practice areas and health camps.
•    Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) clinic: Department runs NCD clinic for early detection of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cancers. Health education on NCD prevention is conducted twice a week in the hospital wards through interactive sessions and group discussions.
•    Mother Craft Clinic: Conducted twice a week at postnatal wards and involves interactive health education sessions for postnatal women and their caregivers.
•    Geriatric Clinic:  On Wednesdays and Saturdays, the Department supports the Department of General Medicine in conducting Geriatric Clinic in the teaching hospital. 
•    Water Surveillance: Conducted on a monthly basis in the various hostels of the campus.

5.     Research grants: (from 2012 till date)There are 49 projects that have received funding from various sources, till date. 
Research thrust areas include: Operational research in Tuberculosis, Qualitative research, Cancer and other Non-communicable diseases, Nutrition, Malaria, Maternal and Child Health, Mental Health, Health Professions Education.

Funded projects    Completed    Ongoing
Extramural (including faculty, postgraduates, ICMR short term studentships, travel grants)    28    17
Intramural (through institutional seed grants)    3    1

6.    Publications (from 2012 till date): Department has a total of 133 publications from 2012 till date, with impact factor ranging from 0.39 to 8.22 and H-index from 1-6. 
Year     Number of publications
2012    17
2013    08
2014    21
2015    30
2016    17
2017    17
2018    13
2019    10
Total     133

6.    Awards and recognitions: 
Category of award     Number 
Best department for research in Yenepoya (Deemed to be University)    1
Best oral/poster presentation    10
Fellowships    2
Journal editorial board    1
Journal reviewer    7
Best community health professional    1
Best teacher    2
Valuable contribution in teaching and research award    5
Contribution in National Health Programme    11

7.    Conferences/workshops/short courses organized: 
1. XXVII Karnataka Association of Community Health Conference 2015 (KACHCON 2015) & Pre-conference CME
2.Workshop on Urban Health, Public Health Budgeting and Financing
3.Operational Research Workshop with State RNTCP Task Force
4.Infectious Disease Outbreak Investigation and Surveillance in collaboration with National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai and Department of Public Health and Hospital Administration.
5.Quality Assured Data Capture using mobile phones: a workshop held in collaboration with the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South East Asia Office, New Delhi
6. A beginner’s course on Geographic Information System using QGIS in collaboration with the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South East Asia Office, New Delhi
7. National Operations Research Course 2019 (SORTIT) in collaboration with the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South East Asia Office, New Delhi

Collaborations:
1.    District Health and Family Welfare Society, Dakshina Kannada to:
A.Deliver evening clinic services at UPHC Bunder 
B. Conduct special outreach camps
2.    Academic collaboration with the International Union Against TB and Lung Diseases (The Union). Following courses have been organized as a part of this collaboration:
A. Quality Assured Data Capture using mobile phones
B. A beginner’s course on Geographic Information System using QGIS 
C. National Operations Research Course 2019 (SORTIT) 


About the discipline:
Community Medicine deals with the promotion of health and prevention of diseases, involving people’s participation. This subject will help to inculcate a holistic view of health and medical interventions primarily focused on the community. It will enable the learners to acquire knowledge, skills, competencies in primary, secondary and tertiary care, control and prevention of outbreaks/epidemics, community diagnosis, health needs assessment, epidemiological assessment, research and planning evidence-based health policies and programmes. The main purpose of Community Medicine teaching and training is to to create a cadre of professionals who are competent to meaningfully contribute their expertise in planning, implementation, coordination, monitoring, evaluation of primary health care programmes based on scientific evidence.

Programs run by the department: 
1.    Undergraduate medical training (MBBS)-5 ½ years 
2.    Post-graduation in Community Medicine (MD)-03 years: intake of four MD seats per year.